Home Page

Year 2

Knowledge, Skills and Understanding breakdown for

Working Scientifically


Year 2


Observing closely

Performing Tests


Identifying and


Recording findings









•  Can they use <see,

•  Can they carry out a

Can they organise

Can they use <text,

touch, smell, hear or

simple fair test?


things into groups?


diagrams, pictures,

taste> to help them

•  Can they explain why

•  Can they find simple


charts, tables> to

answer questions?

it might not be fair to


patterns (or


record their

•  Can they use some

compare two things?





scientific words to

•  Can they say whether

Can they identify

Can they measure

describe what they

things happened as


animals and plants by


using <simple

have seen and

they expected?


a specific criteria, eg,




•  Can they suggest how


lay eggs or not; have



•  Can they compare

to find things out?


feathers or not?



several things?

•  Can they use prompts






to find things out?












Year 2 (Challenging)


•  Can they suggest

•  Can they say whether

•  Can they suggest

•  Can they use

ways of finding out

things happened as

more than one way of

information from books

through listening,

they expected and if

grouping animals and

and online information

hearing, smelling,

not why not?

plants and explain

to find things out?

touching and tasting?


their reasons?







Living Things and their Habitats


Year 2


Living Things & their Habitats

Animals, including humans





•  Can they match certain living things

•  Can they describe what animals

•  Can they describe what plants need

to the habitats they are found in?

need to survive?

to survive?

•  Can they explain the differences

•  Can they explain that animals grow

•  Can they observe and describe how

between living and non-living things?

and reproduce?

seeds and bulbs grow into mature

•  Can they describe some of the life

•  Can they explain why animals have


processes common to plants and

offspring which grow into adults?

•  Can they find out & describe how

animals, including humans?

•  Can they describe the life cycle of

plants need water, light and a

•  Can they decide whether something

some living things? (e.g. egg, chick,

suitable temperature to grow and

is living, dead or non-living?


stay healthy?

•  Can they describe how a habitat

•  Can they explain the basic needs of


provides for the basic needs of things

animals, including humans for


living there?

survival? (water, food, air)


•  Can they describe a range of

•  Can they describe why exercise,


different habitats?

balanced diet and hygiene are


•  Can they describe how plants and

important for humans?


animals are suited to their habitat?







Year 2 (Challenging)


•  Can they name some characteristics

•  Can they explain that animals

•  Can they describe what plants need

of an animal that help it to live in a

reproduce in different ways?

to survive and link it to where they

particular habitat?


are found?

•  Can they describe what animals


•  Can they explain that plants grow

need to survive and link this to their


and reproduce in different ways?









Uses of Everyday Materials


Year 2


Classifying and grouping materials


Changing materials




•  Can they describe the simple physical properties

•  Can they explore how the shapes of solid objects

of a variety of everyday materials?


can be changed? (squashing, bending, twisting,

•  Can they compare and group together a variety



of materials based on their simple physical


•  Can they find out about people who developed



useful new materials? (John Dunlop, Charles



Macintosh, John McAdam)



•  Can they identify and compare the suitability of



a variety of everyday materials, including wood,



metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock, paper,



cardboard for particular uses?



•  Can they explain how things move on different








Year 2 (Challenging)


  • Can they describe the properties of different materials using words like, transparent or opaque, flexible, etc.?
  • Can they sort materials into groups and say why they have sorted them in that way?
  • Can they say which materials are natural and which are man made?
  • Can they explain how materials are changed by heating and cooling?
  • Can they explain how materials are changed by bending, twisting and stretching?
  • Can they tell which materials cannot be changed back after being heated, cooled, bent, stretched or twisted?