Home Page

Year 1

Knowledge, Skills and Understanding breakdown for

Working Scientifically


Year 1


Observing closely

Performing Tests

Identifying and

Recording findings








•  Can they talk about

•  Can they perform a

•  Can they identify and

•  Can they show their


what they <see, touch,

simple test?

classify things they

work using pictures,


smell, hear or taste>?

•  Can they tell other


labels and captions?


•  Can they use simple

people about what

•  Can they think of

•  Can they record their


equipment to help

they have done?

some questions to ask?

findings using standard


them make


•  Can they answer some





scientific questions?

•  Can they put some




•  Can they give a simple

information in a chart




reason for their

or table?









•  Can they explain what





they have found out?









Year 1 (Challenging)



  • Can they find out by watching, listening, tasting, smelling and touching?



•  Can they give a simple  •

Can they talk about

•  Can they use ICT to

reason for their

similarities and

show their working?



•  Can they make

Can they explain what



they have found out



using scientific






Plants and Animals including humans



Animals, including humans




•  Can they name the petals, stem, leaf,

•  Can they point out some of the

•  Can they name the parts of the

bulb, flower, seed, stem and root of a

differences between different

human body that they can see?



•  Can they draw & label basic parts of

•  Can they identify and name a range

•  Can they sort photographs of living

the human body?

of common plants and trees?

things and non-living things?

•  Can they identify the main parts of the

•  Can they recognise deciduous and

•  Can they identify and name a variety

human body and link them to their

evergreen trees?

of common animals? (birds, fish,


•  Can they name the trunk, branches

amphibians, reptiles, mammals,

•  Can they name the parts of an

and root of a tree?


animal’s body?

•  Can they describe the parts of a plant

•  Can they describe how an animal is

•  Can they name a range of domestic

(roots, stem, leaves, flowers)?

suited to its environment?



•  Can they identify and name a variety

•  Can they classify animals by what they


of common animals that are

eat? (carnivore, herbivore, omnivore)


carnivores, herbivores and omnivores?

•  Can they compare the bodies of



different animals?





Year 1 (Challenging)

  • Can they name the main parts of a flowering plant?
  • Can they begin to classify animals according to a number of given criteria?
  • Can they point out differences between living things and non-living things?
  • Can they name some parts of the human body that cannot be seen?
  • Can they say why certain animals have certain characteristics?
  • Can they name a range of wild animals?

Everyday materials (classifying and grouping)


  • Can they distinguish between an object and the material from which it is made?


  • Can they describe materials using their senses?


  • Can they describe materials using their senses, using specific scientific words?


  • Can they explain what material objects are made from?


  • Can they explain why a material might be useful for a specific job?


  • Can they name some different everyday materials? e.g. wood, plastic, metal, water and rock


  • Can they sort materials into groups by a given criteria?


  • Can they explain how solid shapes can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching?


Year 1 (Challenging)


  • Can they describe things that are similar and different between materials?


  • Can they explain what happens to certain materials when they are heated, e.g. bread, ice, chocolate?


  • Can they explain what happens to certain materials when they are cooled, e.g. jelly, heated chocolate?



Seasonal Changes


  • Can they observe changes across the four seasons?


  • Can they name the four seasons in order?


  • Can they observe and describe weather associated with the seasons?


  • Can they observe and describe how day length varies?




Year 1 (Challenging)


  • Can they observe features in the environment and explain that these are related to a specific season?


  • Can they observe and talk about changes in the weather?


  • Can they talk about weather variation in different parts of the world?